The Separation of Church and Hate | The Danger of Tribalism

[This is the text from the 10/18/20 sermon preached at Avenue United Methodist Church. You can listen to the audio here or watch video here.

Last week, we talked about the effects of advertising to impact our lives by selling us the promise of a lifestyle rather than the product. Author James K.A. Smith writes about the change in what is expected in the typical ad executive at a major corporation. Where they once were responsible for design, packaging, and promotion, the brand manager is now asked “to create…a meaning system for people through which they get identity and understanding of the world.”

One Ad Executive, Douglas Adkin, asked himself, “What makes people exhibit cult-like devotion?” He began to study cults in order to figure out how brands could induce “loyalty beyond reason.” When he listened to people talked about paper plates or sneakers he realized that people attach to brands for the same reasons they join cults and religions: To belong and find meaning. They cease being merely customers and now identified themselves as disciples, or “members of the tribe” whether that tribe be VW owners, Starbucks drinkers, or Mac users.[1]

I had a roommate in college who was a Mac user before it was cool to be a Mac user. It was still Indie then, in a sense. I had a PC desktop at my desk and he would give me a look of disdain every time I had an update, or received the blue screen of death, or had a freeze up. I was outside of his team, outside of his tribe.

For my birthday in 2010, Andrea got me tickets to go see the Steelers and the Ravens play on a Sunday Night in December. I went with a friend and we are both Steelers’ fans, having grown up in Western PA. The temperature at kick-off was 26 degrees and it went down from there. While we could have worn coats on over our jerseys, we went walking into Baltimore with our Steelers gear in full display. We were part of a tribe encroaching on the land of an enemy tribe. During the course of the game, I had a member of the rival tribe spitting on my jersey while my friend had a beer poured on him as we left the stadium- that doesn’t include everything that was shouted at us. It could have had something to do with the Steelers winning the important game.

Our sports team gave us an identity. For me, sports continue to be an important way to relate to my dad. We’ve watched, listened to, and talked about sports since I was little. Our sports teams often connected us to our neighbors who were part of the same tribe. If your sports tribe was in another region, then you may be in danger of being singled out by the dominant tribe of the area.

The human race has been tribal from the beginning. In many ways, tribes can be healthy and helpful as they provide meaning and purpose. Tribes provided protection from wild animals and other tribes. But there is a danger to being part of a tribe or team. Tribes can cultivate devotion to their group and purpose at the expense of other tribes.

Our nation is becoming more and more polarized, more tribal. We are being pushed into more insulated silos where we cultivate devotion to “our” tribe while being opposed to those outside of our tribe. Think of the divide between Republicans and Democrats. While their purpose is the same (caring for our nation) they oppose each other. Our churches are tribal as well. We are Mainline, Evangelical, or Pentecostal. We are United Methodist, Presbyterian, Independent, and Non-Denominational. We are conservative or progressive in our theology. Even within the church, we are tempted to express our devotion to our side and protect our tribe from the influence of outsiders. We are tempted to love those who think like us and to see those who are different than us as our enemies.

Jesus has something to say about that.

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus says, “You have heard it said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy…’”

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus takes commands from the Old Testament and reinterprets them with a Kingdom mindset. You will not find a direct command in the Old Testament to ‘love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ What Jesus is doing here is summarizing the ways in which religious leaders understand the narrative of the Old Testament. We don’t have time to get into it, but in Joshua Israel is to destroy enemy cities. In the Psalms, we can read prayers of David seeking vengeance against the enemies of God. Tribalism created an identity around the worship of Yahweh, but anyone not in the tribe could be seen as an enemy. On one hand, the tribalism protects the group from foreign gods and false teachings. On the other, tribalism can cause those inside the tribe to see those outside the tribe as “less than” God created them to be.

Jesus invites us to live differently:

Matthew records, “but I tell you to love your enemies…”

This is revolutionary as Jesus teaches that we are to love our enemies. This would come as quite a shock for those who would have been listening to his teachings- especially as Israel was occupied by Roman forces and had a long history of exile and enslavement. It would be easy to look at Romans, Babylonians, Persians, and Egyptians as enemies. A good Israelite would have seen Samaritans as enemies and half-breeds even though the worshiped the same God. Israel had an “it’s us against the world” mentality and were waiting for God to restore them to their rightful place on top of the political and social heap.

Jesus calls them to love their enemies. To love the Samaritan. To love the Gentile. To love the Roman soldier who mocked them and crucified their countryman. To love the corrupt tax collector. To love the unclean. To love the sadistic and tyrannical Roman Caesar. Jesus calls them to love their enemies.

Have you read the story of Jonah lately? Especially beyond the story of Jonah and the whale? Jonah was called by God to go to Ninevah and to call them to repentance or else they would be destroyed by God. Ninevah was the one of Israel’s enemies. They hated each other. Jonah doesn’t even want to go there. When he does, and calls them to repent expecting them to be destroyed by God, something remarkable happens. These enemies of Israel repent. The King of Ninevah even declares that the animals were to participate in the fast of repentance. When God saw Ninevah’s response, God forgave them.

This made Jonah mad. He couldn’t believe it. Jonah is angry at God for forgiving Ninevah, the enemies of Israel. Jonah wanted fire and brimstone. Jonah wanted to see his enemies suffer and face the consequences of their sin. Jonah is so angry with God that Jonah says he’d rather be dead than to see Ninevah be forgiven.

For Jonah, his nationalism has become an idol as it prevents him from valuing those who are different from himself. In the same way, when we allow our tribal identity to distort our view of those around us, we sin. When we see a Democrat or a Republican as anything less than created in the image of God- we have sinned. When we see a Muslim, or someone of a different ethnicity as less than someone created in the image of God, we sin. When we see a member of the LGBT community as anything less than someone created in the image of God, we sin. When we allow our tribal identity to be greater than our identity in God- and the “others” identity in God- we sin.

Pastor and author Tim Keller writes:

“When Christian believers care more for their own interests and security than for the good and salvation of other races and ethnicities (we can put political beliefs here), they are sinning like Jonah. If they value the economic and military flourishing of their country over the good of the human race and the furtherance of God’s work in the world, they are sinning like Jonah. Their identity is more rooted in their race and nationality (political party) than in being saved sinners and children of God.”

Our primary identity and tribe is that of the tribe of God and we are called to love those outside of our tribe. The question is how are we to do this? Jesus tells us:

“But I tell you love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.”

The best way, and sometimes the only way that we can love an enemy or someone different than us is to pray for them. Jesus directs his disciples to pray for those who persecute them- this likely meant to pray for the occupying Romans who would persecute them. Can you imagine the church living this out during the time of Nero and other times of persecution? They prayed for their enemies.

Our prayers should not be that our enemies will be proved wrong, or that they will face eternal punishment- but our prayer is for our enemy that we can love them as Jesus taught us to. We are to pray, and then pray some more for our enemies until we are able to feel the love God has for them for ourselves. “We are not asked to love the enemies character or deeds or teachings or anything else about them; We are not called to agree with them;  we are asked only to love the enemies themselves.”[2] If  would take a miracle for me to be able to love someone who I see as an enemy- do we not worship God who has a thing for miracles?

When our devotion to a tribe is greater than our devotion to Jesus we will begin to see other people as opponents to beat rather than people made in the image of God. When our devotion to our tribe is greater than our devotion to Jesus- then we are practicing idolatry and our tribe has become our god. Our identification as Christians should be primary. It should lead us to love and pray for those around us- especially our enemies. This is the only way we will begin to see the polarization in our country begin to heal.

As followers of Jesus, how are we doing at loving Donald Trump? How about Joe Biden? How are we at loving Muslims? People of Color? LGBT community? An Evangelical? A Mainliner? Loving someone who looks like me, speaks like me, and believes like me is nothing commendable. That’s tribalism. We are called to love our enemies and the starting place is to pray for them so that we feel God’s love for them.

As we consider living as Jesus taught us, we must consider what it means to pray for our enemies. I believe that Jesus taught this because Jesus really meant for us to do this. We are not to hate or cancel those who are different than us. We are to pray for them until we are able to love them the way that God loves them. That is truly revolutionary.


[1] https://www.preachingtoday.com/illustrations/2020/june/advertising-invites-people-to-cult-like-devotion.html.

[2] Frederick Dale Bruner, The Gospel of Matthew

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Slow Faith | Sabbath


This is from the sermon preached on Sunday, October 3, 2020 at Avenue United Methodist Church. You can listen to the sermon here.

I remember when Sundays were the slowest day of the week. My family attended the 8:30 am worship service at North Salem United Methodist Church. Worship was followed by Sunday School taught by Mrs. Smith or Mrs. Cashdollar. As a family, we were home by 10:30 or 10:45 am every Sunday morning. That left an hour for my sister and I to play before a Grilled Cheese and Tomato Soup or Homemade Pizza lunch was ready. Many Sundays, we would drive 45 minutes to see my Grandmother, which meant seeing my other cousins who would be there to visit with their families as well. If it was football season, many Sundays was spent watching to Steelers. When I became a teenager, youth group worked its way into the Sunday routine.

It was a slow day. Mom and Dad taught us that this was the Sabbath day. A day to worship and a day to rest. There were times when we’d try to do other things, but they would be short lived as our focus was on worship, rest, and being together as a family. This was our family rhythm. We went to school and worked for six days and then we rested as a family on Sunday.

This morning in our series, SLOW FAITH, we are looking at the discipline or habit of the practice of Sabbath. In our first message in this series, we talked about how we are slaves to the pace of our culture. We run and run until we are ragged and weary. One practice we have to seek the rest that God promises us and to develop a deep faith is the practice of Sabbath.

The first thing we need to ask is this question: What is the Sabbath?

Sabbath means “to stop” or “to cease.” In Judaism, the Sabbath was the time between sundown on Friday through sundown on Saturday where the people would stop working in order to rest from their toil. It was a day to worship together as a family and as a community. Sabbath is more than a “day off.” It is a “spirit of restfulness that comes from abiding, from living in the Father’s loving presence all week long.”[1]

We can see the importance of Sabbath throughout the Scriptures.

Sabbath is the Rhythm of Creation

In Genesis 2, the writer tells the story of Creation where God created the universe in six days.

By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done. [2]

After everything had been created, God rested. God, the All-powerful, all-knowing one rested. I think we wear our weariness and our schedules like a badge of honor. We don’t rest. We don’t stop. Even God rested. God didn’t need to rest, but was teaching us a divine rhythm of rest. When we go against the Sabbath rhythm we are fighting God.

Sabbath is an act of Resistance

When we get to the book of Deuteronomy, God gives Moses the Ten Commandments. One of the commandments is “Observe the Sabbath and keep it holy.” In the book of Exodus, the command to practice Sabbath is rooted in the creation account. We rest because God rested. In Deuteronomy, we see a subtle change. The command to practice Sabbath is rooted in Israel’s slavery in Egypt.

“Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the Lord your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.” [3]

Here, practicing Sabbath is an act of resistance to the economy of Pharaoh that was built on the back of slaves. Pharaoh’s desire for more wealth and power created a restlessness that would not permit Sabbath rest. Slaves do not practice Sabbath. Slaves do not get a day off.

God, through Moses, reminds Israel that they are no longer slaves. They are no longer the means to wealth. They are the people of God. Sons and daughters get days off. Sons and daughters get to practice Sabbath.

We live in a culture that is increasingly asking us to work 24/7. Even as this pandemic is prolonged- more and more people are working from home. That is a blessing and a curse. If our office is at home, we face the constant temptation to answer one more email or return one more phone call. Our work is building the wallets of someone else. When we practice Sabbath, we are offering an act of resistance to the economic systems that trap and enslave people today.

Sabbath as resistance says that we do not have to work constantly to have value. Sabbath as resistance teaches us to put our faith in God to provide rather than the economic policies of the world. Sabbath as resistance teach us that there is a different way to live.

Sabbath is a Gift

In the Gospels, Mark tells the story of Jesus and the disciples walking through the grain fields and picking some heads of grain and popping them in their mouths. The Pharisees saw this and claimed that Jesus and the disciples were breaking the Sabbath. In the mind of the Pharisees, you could only walk so far on the Sabbath before it became work; you could not glean or harvest a field (which Jesus and the disciples were evidently guilty of doing); and you could not even save your animal if it fell into a well. Upon confronting Jesus, Jesus replies to the Pharisees:

“The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.”

Pastor and author John Mark Comer writes that in Jesus’ day that they people needed to hear the second part of this verse- that man was not made for Sabbath. Pharisees tried to put burdensome laws in place to protect and honor the Sabbath. Humanity wasn’t made to serve the Sabbath.

Today, we need to hear the first part of the verse: The Sabbath was made for humanity. We mimic the pace and hurry of the culture. We can take a day off but it is not the same as Sabbath. We might go to worship, but we have forgotten the gift of a Sabbath Day. We fill our days with activities and work rather than stopping, ceasing, and resting in God’s presence and we wonder why we are so tired. Sabbath is a gift.

Admittedly, Sabbath is a countercultural practice which makes it somewhat difficult to implement. As a pastor, I am asked every year by our District Superintendent about how I practice Sabbath. In my previous appointment, I took my Sabbath on Fridays where I could rest, read, and chew on God’s word. Since coming to Avenue, Sabbath has been much more difficult because there is always another meeting, article, or person to care for. This isn’t to complain, but to say I understand the challenge of Sabbath. It takes a lot of work to be able to stop working.

On top of two full-time jobs and four active kids, Sabbath days are sometimes in short supply. When we do get a Saturday where we stay home and take it slow, we often say to one another- “Why don’t we do this more?” Sabbath rest is a gift from God. When we fail to practice Sabbath, we are passing up a gift that can breathe life into our bodies, our families, and our churches.

Dream with me a little bit here: What would your life look like if you took an entire day and didn’t work? Not just stopping from your job, but no laundry and no yard work in order to do something that you really enjoy? What would it look like to have a day to worship, read a book, to go on a walk, and play a board game with your kids or grandkids? How might the gift of Sabbath impact your life? Your faith? What are some Sabbath routines that you can develop that will help you to listen to the voice of God and be led by the Holy Spirit.

Sabbath requires great intentionality. Andrea, as a teacher, hates taking a day off from work because working can be easier than making sub plans so she can be off. Likewise, the practice of Sabbath requires planning in order to stop working for the day. We have to get everything done the day before- or trust God that it will still be there when Sabbath ends. Theologian Walter Brueggeman writes, “People who keep Sabbath live all seven days differently.”

In order to grow a deep and abiding faith, we must slow down and linger with Jesus. One way we can do that is to develop our practice of Sabbath. It is built into the DNA of creation. It is an act of resistance that declares, we are no longer slaves but children of God. It is a gift that God offers to weary humanity.


[1] John Mark Comer, The Ruthless Elimination of Hurry

[2] The New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011), Ge 2:2–3.

[3] The New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011), Dt 5:15.

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Slow Faith | Silence and Solitude

From my sermon preached September 27, 2020 at Avenue United Methodist Church. You can listen to the sermon here

If you came to the church this week, you likely know that I had an extra assistant with me. Caleb’s pre-school was closed as they continue to rebuild from the tornado that went through Dover in August. If you don’t know Caleb, he is a talker. He had me worn out before even getting to Milford! Having Caleb around while trying to get work done helped me appreciate Andrea and other moms who have spent years having kids around their ankles and on their laps. Even when moms try to retreat into the bathroom to take care of business, or just to hide out for a few minutes, there is often a young kid who wants to go in with them. For Mom’s there is little time for silence and solitude when young kids are around.

We are in the third week of our series, SLOW FAITH, where we have been looking at how to develop and an intentional, deep, and abiding faith in Jesus Christ. We live in a culture and time of instant gratification where we get bored if we don’t have quick results. Our faith is more of a slow cooker that takes time. If you missed either of the last two weeks, they are available on our website, iTunes, or Spotify.

This morning we are beginning to look at practices and habits that enable our lives to be formed to Jesus. We often call these “Spiritual Disciplines.” These are habits practiced in the church for thousands of years and are evident in the scriptures. There are no silver bullets. There are no shortcuts for spiritual growth. Practiced over a lifetime, we do not master the disciplines, God masters us through them.

The first practice we want to look at to develop a SLOW FAITH is the habits of Silence and Solitude.

Silence and solitude are not something that Jesus commands in the Gospels. It is something that he lived out in practice. Jesus’ apprentices, the disciples, would have seen this regular practice even more obviously than we read about it. Since our lives are modeled after the example of Jesus’ life, then we must look at this practice.

Since our Gospel reading is from Mark, we will just look there. In Mark, Jesus specifically prays three different times. There are five times when Jesus retreats to “lonely places” or “deserts” to get away from the noise and the hustle and bustle. If you were to go through the other Gospels and make a list, it would be longer. The practice of Silence and Solitude was a regular habit that Jesus practiced.

Lonely places or desert places were thin places where the human and the supernatural came together. We can think of times when people were in the wilderness and it was a place where they were spiritually attacked by Satan. Likewise, there were times in the wilderness where people came to experience the presence of God. Jesus, during these forty days in the wilderness encountered both the temptation of Satan and the ministry of angels who attended him. Jesus regularly retreated to these places to be renewed and to hear from God.

These habits are challenging because we live in a culture where we do not like silence or being alone. Many of us have constant noise going on in our homes, cars, and offices. We find the noise comforting and maybe even a bit of a defense mechanism from having to deal with the thoughts in our heads.

When we talk about solitude, Richard Foster says it is more of a state of mind and heart than it is a place. It is not a practice of getting away from people. Solitude, for Foster, is the freedom to be alone in order to hear the divine whisper of God. Silence is coupled with solitude. Silence often involves the absence of speech- but it ALWAYS involves the act of listening. Foster, again writes, that silence is related to trust. “When we are silent, we trust God to control the conversation. We will never do this until we trust him.” Some of us are so quick to talk, so quick to fill the silence with words- and this is a lack of trust in God that God will guide the conversation.

Silence and solitude are how we open ourselves up to God. It is how we hear God’s voice. Pastor and author John Mark Comer writes that “The noise of the modern world makes us deaf to the voice of God, drowning out the one input we need most.” Think about all the noise in our lives. How can we hear the voice of God if we are not in the regular habit of seeking silence and solitude. We cannot do this with our airpods constantly hanging in our ears. Henri Nouwen writes that

“We do not take the spiritual life seriously if we do not set aside some time to be alone with God and to listen to him.”

If we want to grow in our faith and grow in our understanding of God and God’s work in the world, then we must make time for silence and solitude in our lives.

In our Gospel lesson, Jesus has finished a long day of powerful ministry. He drove out a demonic spirit. He healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever. Mark writes that after sunset that the whole town gathered at the door and Jesus healed many who had various diseases and drove out many demons. I’m guessing Jesus went to bed quite late that night.

In verse 35, Jesus gets up early while it is still dark and went off to a solitary place in order to pray. After the long night of ministry, I might have been tempted to sleep in and take a slow morning with a great breakfast spread. Jesus gets up early, before his disciples, to spend time in silence and solitude.

Peter and the other disciples come and find Jesus to tell him that “everyone is looking for you.” Now, the disciples may have been pretty excited about this. They saw the miraculous the night before. They saw “successful ministry” taking place and were part of it. When the crowds showed up the next morning, they excitedly went to get Jesus.

Jesus does something remarkable here. He replies:

“Let us go somewhere else- to the nearby villages- so I can preach there also. That is why I have come.”

The silence and solitude that Jesus practiced helped him to hear the divine whisper of his Heavenly Father and to be very clear about his identity and calling. In the success of the night before, it would be easy to linger and stay with the gathering crowd, but Jesus had a clear purpose that was reaffirmed in his time of silence and solitude that morning. Jesus was called to preach the Good News throughout the countryside, not to become anchored to one location.

When the disciples come to get Jesus to tend to the growing crowd, Jesus says “No.” To ruthlessly eliminate hurry from our lives, we must remember that “No” is a complete sentence. In this life there will always be the opportunities for busyness, for hustle, for distraction. Every time we say “yes” to a lesser purpose, a lesser calling we are saying “No” to a greater calling. Every time we say “yes” to the noise and hurry of our culture we are saying “NO” to the divine Whisper that guides and directs our lives. When we say “yes” to listening to God, our time in silence and solitude reaffirms our identity and calling is in Jesus and empowers us to say “no” to the things that pull us away from God.

Your identity- my identity- is not found in what we do. It is not found in the people we associate ourselves with. Our identity is not found in the amount of people following us on social media. Our identity is not in the success or failure of our business or finances. Our identity, as Christians, is found in Jesus. Our identity and our purpose are affirmed and made clear when we seek silence and solitude in order to hear God’s voice: You are loved. You are valued. You have purpose. You are forgiven. There is grace for you.  You are a son and daughter of the king.

Let’s be real here- Silence and solitude are not just going to happen in our lives. If you’re a parent, your kids are going to have needs. There will always be noise. But we can find ways to make time for silence, solitude and prayer. If you read through the Gospels, you get the sense that the reason Jesus was up early was because it was the only quiet time he could find. I want to suggest some ways you can begin to practice silence and solitude in your life:

  • Find Small Quiet Places
    • Take a few minutes after waking up to lay or kneel in silence
    • On your Commute, rather than listening to the latest podcast, drive in silence
    • Step outside before bed and take in the beauty of the night
  • Develop Quiet Spaces
    • Create a space in your home to spend time in silence. A comfortable chair. No phones or TVs.
  • Go Deeper
    • Find a place to regularly retreat to where you can meditate on the scriptures and listen for God’s voice. It may be a regular morning walk, a hike around Killen’s Pond, or sitting on the bench at the boardwalk. No cell phone, no airpods. Just you and God.
    • Schedule times in your week where the phone, computer, tablet, and TV are all turned off.
    • Camp Pecometh offers silent retreats that are partially directed by a leader and self-directed. It is an opportunity to listen for the divine whisper.

If we take our spiritual life seriously, if we want to have our inner life shaped to the inner life of Christ, and if we want to be clear on who we are in Jesus- then we must commit to practicing Silence and Solitude.

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Slow Faith | An Easy Yoke

[This is a sermon I preach on September 20, 2020 at Avenue United Methodist Church. You can listen to the sermon by clicking here. You can watch the entire worship service by clicking here.]

A photographer was snapping pictures of first graders at an elementary school, making small talk to put his subjects at ease.

“What are you going to be when you grow up?” he asked one little girl.

“Tired,” she said.[1]

How prophetic those words are for the time we live in today. People of all ages live in a constant stupor of exhaustion that comes from stress, busy schedules, and the hustle we run to make ends meet. Added to that are kids or caring for a loved one. Add that on top of financial concerns, psychological issues and the drive to have it all together. We are tired and rundown. It affects our family relationships, our work, and it affects our relationship with God.

We are in the second week of our series, SLOW FAITH, where we are looking at how to develop a deep and abiding faith that is securely anchored to Jesus. We want the kind of faith that gives us life and enables us to share that life with those around us. Last week, we looked at the problem of hurry and the need to, as Dallas Willard writes, to “ruthlessly eliminate hurry from our lives” if we are to be the persons God has designed us to be.

Hurry is the enemy of becoming like Jesus because it cuts us off from God. Hurry says that our lives are centered on ourselves and our ability to get things done rather than trusting on God’s timing. Think about the Jesus way in the Gospels where we see the disciples learning from Jesus by walking, sitting, eating and taking their time around the countryside. When we abide and remain with Jesus, the Holy Spirit produces fruit in us and enables us to grow spiritually mature.

Jesus recognizes the pull of the world. He recognizes the temptation for us to chase after success and happiness and the tiredness that it can cause. In Matthew 11, Jesus calls out to those who are bone-weary and exhausted saying:

“Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light.”

There are two things that Jesus offers his listeners:

First, Jesus offers rest. In the two trips to China that Andrea and I have taken, the first day there is spent sightseeing even though you have barely slept in 24+ hours. We would fight to stay awake in order to help us flip our time zones quickly. Our mantra that first day was, “just make it through,” which sounds a lot like our daily living. When we fell into bed, the sleep felt so restful.

In the passage, Jesus offers and invites anyone and everyone who is weary, tired, and just trying to make it through to find rest in him. This is important biblically because true rest was found in God. Deep divine rest that Jesus is talking about would only be found in Yahweh. Jesus is identifying himself as God here in the passage by offering rest and invites anyone and everyone who is tired to find rest in him.

Secondly, Jesus offers equipment.[2] The equipment that Jesus offers is a yoke. A yoke is an instrument of work which is not exactly what you might think a weary person needs. One image we have of a yoke is a wooden bar that connects two animals so that they can plow a field. Sometimes, slaves would be yoked together to pull a cart or a wagon. Our image of a yoke is not exactly an image of rest.

In Judaism, a yoke can also be a set of teachings. Israel was to take on the ‘yoke of the Torah’ – which includes the Pentateuch through Chronicles. A Rabbi or teacher, also had a yoke. A disciple would yoke themselves to a rabbi and their teachings. The disciple of a rabbi would seek to practice (obey) their rabbi’s teaching. An unconcerned rabbi could offer hard teachings that place heavy burdens on their disciples and others who listened. Jesus warns Pharisees in Matthew 23 about placing heavy burdens on the people.

Jesus’ yoke is also his teachings- most notably the Sermon on the Mount. His teachings, are not heavy like the Pharisees. They are light. They are not light because he demands less, but because Jesus bears much of the burden with us. Rabbis and Pharisees emphasized strictness to the law. Jesus, on the other hand, is patient with all of his disciples. Jesus doesn’t run with the standouts, he walks with the slow ones who wrestle with what it means to live the Jesus way. Jesus spends time with the tired, the weary, the sinners, prostitutes, and the tax collectors.

Taking on a yoke signifies submission to another’s rule and authority. We see this in the farm when an Ox is broken to a yoke or a horse is broken to pull a wagon. They submit to the yoke they are attached to. Likewise, if the yoke that Jesus talks about here is his teachings, then “taking Jesus’ yoke” means that we submit to the rule and authority in our lives. This submission means we are under its authority as we seek to obey Jesus’ teaching. Submission requires change. We are no longer in charge of our own lives. We have given Jesus authority. We seek to center our lives around Jesus when we are yoked to Jesus.

By offering us his yoke, Jesus is offering us balance and a new way of living that we give us rest. Where my priority can get out of balance, the Jesus Way invites apprentices to live life in the mold of Jesus. The most restful thing that Jesus can give us is a new way of living.

How do we live into this new life? Notice that a yoke is not a sitting instrument- it is used for walking. Jesus yoke, his new way of living, is learned as we go with Jesus along the way. Jesus says “Learn from Me.” Jesus doesn’t invite us to learn cold creeds, memorize verses, or to learn about him. Jesus invites us to learn from him. Jesus invites us into a dynamic relationship that grows richer the longer we are immersed in it.

Too often, the church can be guilty of inviting people to learn about Jesus rather than learning from Jesus. We can sit in the pews, attend Bible studies, and have a great grasp of the theological underpinnings of who Jesus is- but if we’ve never learned from Jesus, if we’ve never submitted to his yoke- we’ll never experience the rest and the life that God promises. We mature and grow in our faith by learning from Jesus along the journeys we make in our lives.

You may remember the beginning of the movie, The Princess Bride. Princess Buttercup liked to torment the farm boy, Wesley, by ordering him around. Wesley always answered, “As You Wish.” It was the only thing he ever said to her. After time, Buttercup realized that every time that Wesley said, “As you wish,” what he was really saying was “I love you.”

In a similar fashion the more that we love Jesus, the more that we know Jesus, the more time we spend with Jesus along the way the more we will want to do what Jesus teaches us. Our hearts and our spirits will be made more like Jesus. Our love for Jesus will move us to live like Jesus. The Yoke of Jesus’ teachings will be easy because of our love for Jesus.

Andrea and I are going to celebrate our 20th anniversary this December. When we met, into dating and marriage, our relationship (and any relationship) only grows through spending time together. Love grows through time. After 20 years of marriage the yoke of marriage is light, not because we are not committed to one another, but because we love each other and will do what we need to do for one another. I’m guessing for many of you who are married- it is the same way. We often submit to one another, we lay down our preferences in order to live in love each day. Our love for one another grows along the way. It is not a microwave relationship, but a slow cooker that gets better the longer we are married.

This is one image of our relationship with Jesus. Love grows by spending time together along the way. The more we love and trust Jesus, the more we are willing to submit to Jesus’ yoke- his teachings. The more the submit to his teachings, the more we will find rest and fulfilment through Jesus presence.

The idea of submitted or surrendering to someone else’s authority goes against the grain of our American DNA. Yet this is what the Bible teaches discipleship looks like. When our love for Jesus grows, so grows our willingness to surrender our authority for a life that looks like Jesus. This is when we begin to experience peace in the midst of storms, help in the midst of trouble, healing in the midst of brokenness, and grace that transforms our lives. This is where we find rest. This is where we live a life that is truly life. Life to the fullest!

Rest, true rest for our bone-weary souls, comes from yoking ourselves to Jesus. It comes as we walk along Jesus and realized that we are yoked together and that Jesus is pulling the greater weight. It comes from realigning our life around the life that God desires to give us. A life that is truly life.


[1] https://www.preachingtoday.com/illustrations/2006/august/3082106.html

[2]John Mark Comer, The Ruthless Elimination of Hurry

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Slow Faith | Hurry is the Devil

[Slow Faith is a series on Spiritual Formation. I preached this sermon on 9/13/20. You can listen to the sermon here or watch the worship service here.]

As a society, and in the church, we have a problem with speed. More accurately, we have a problem with hurry. Perhaps a little background with speed will help.

In 1370, the first town clock was constructed in Cologne, Germany. The clock provided a reference point for the entire time to be of one mind on what time it was. The clock, and the sun-dial of earlier times, changed our sense of time. Our understanding of time used to come from the rising and setting of the sun and the moon, but the rhythms of our body. The clock began to dictate to us when we needed to rise and when we needed to go to sleep. The clock created the idea of working 9-5 which most of the industrialized world has been enslaved to for centuries.

In 1879, Thomas Edison manufactured an electric lightbulb. It was a safer, cleaner, and brighter option to burning candles or lanterns in homes. But the lightbulb has also changed our lives in ways that are not always better. We no longer had to go to bed when the sun went down. Prior to the lightbulb, people averaged 11 hours of sleep a day! Eleven hours! Today, 59% of American average a minimum of 7 hours of sleep. Four hours less! 40% of Americans get less than 7 hours of sleep. We’ve all seen the literature about how a lack of sleep disrupts our mental capabilities, can lead to weight gain, and other psychological issues. 

Any sort of cursory reading of the saints of the past will find that many of them were up at 4:00 a.m. each day for prayer and study. John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist movement would get up at 4:00 a.m., pray, translate scripture from Greek to English, and preach all before 7:00 a.m.! I remember reading about Wesley and others and thinking to myself, “they must love Jesus way more than I do!” As I learned more about sleep habits, Wesley and others would go to sleep when the sun went down. If you went to bed at 7 p.m., by 4:00 a.m. you already had slept for 9 hours! They were well-rested!

Technology is meant to save time and to increase efficiency with the hope of increasing leisure. With every technological advance, there are reprocussions. We officially entered the digital age in 2007. The marker for that is the release of the first iPhone by Steve Jobs and Apple. The first Kindle also was released in 2007. The iPhone, and by extension all smartphones, are a symbol of our technological advance and efforts towards increase productivity, but they are also symbols of our struggle with pace, speed, and hurry.

Studies show that the average iPhone user touches their phone 2,617 times a day. Certainly that doesn’t mean they are using it that often, but that they reach for it, check their pocket to ensure it is there, and so on. Even now, some of you are feeling the urge to check that your phone is ok. We feel the need to check our phone and our social media feed because of FOMO. Fear of Missing Out. Our brains have been reprogrammed to the point that we do not want to miss out on the latest news. Like Pavlov’s dog, we are conditioned to answer each notification.

Since 2007, we can now have video, streaming TV, and live sports wherever we have our phone. In 2015, the Neilson Agency did a study that showed that the average American watched 6 hours of video a day- whether it was TV, youtube, or some other form of digital media.

Clocks, lightbulbs, and smartphones disrupt the natural rhythms of the universe and of our lives. What was meant to make life easier and even more enjoyable has made us slaves to busyness, slaves to notifications, and slaves to hurry. We are constantly working or stressed out from working. We wake up tired, drink a ton of socially approved drugs (i.e. caffeine), and we fall back into bed at the end of the day so overwhelmed that we cannot fall back asleep. When we have downtime, we flip through our social media feeds in a daze when we know there are better and healthier options to do.

In the midst of the pace we run and our chronic tiredness, we can often find ourselves unaware of any presence of God in our lives. As people who call ourselves Christians, many of us have little interaction or sense of God’s presence in our day-to-day life because we are so distracted. We wonder where is the transformation in our lives, where is the growth in our faith, where is the healing that the Bible speaks about as we rush around to the places our schedules demand we go. As we consider the pace of our lives- could it be that we are the ones who are absent rather than God?

Pastor and author John Mark Comer relates a story between Pastor John Ortberg and Dallas Willard. Willard was a Philosophy professor at USC and a Christian who wrote many books on Spiritual Formation and Discipleship. Ortberg asks Willard, “What do I need to do to become the me I want to be?

Willard responded, “You must ruthlessly eliminate hurry from your life. Hurry is the great enemy of spiritual life in our day. You must ruthlessly eliminate hurry from your life.”

Willard knew the danger of busyness. He knew the danger of running after the things of the world and the danger that possesses for the Christian. Hurry is the enemy. Hurry is the devil. Willard wrote extensively on Spiritual Formation- this is a “Spirit-driven process of forming the inner life of the human self in such a way that it becomes like the inner being of Christ himself.”[1] Simply put- spiritual formation is when we become more like Jesus.

In John 15, Jesus tells us that we are to “Remain in me as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.”[2]

Spiritual formation, becoming like Jesus, happens when we remain or abide in Jesus. Spiritual formation doesn’t happen when we swoop into church once a week, writing our grocery list, and thinking of all the things we need to get done. Spiritual formation happens when we slow down, when we abide, and when we walk with Jesus. Spiritual formation takes place when we read, think, and pray through Scriptures and applying them to our lives. Walter Adams, the spiritual director for C.S. Lewis writes,

“To walk with Jesus is to walk with a slow, unhurried pace. Hurry is the death of prayer and only impedes and spoils our work. It never advances it.”[3]

We see this so clearly when we think about the disciples walking with Jesus throughout the countryside for three years. They took it slow. They sat around a lot. Much of Jesus’ ministry is eating meals with his disciples and others. Speed was not part of the internship. Hurry was not on the agenda. Even when Lazarus was sick and dying, Jesus waited to go rather than hurrying there. We can get a lot done when we hurry. We can be transformed when we slowly walk with Jesus.

In the American church, the models that we utilize and the kinds of discipleship we teach shows that our hearts may not be in the right place. Too many sermons and studies are click-bait titles like “5 Steps to…” or “Explosive growth in 12 steps.” John Ortberg writes, “Hurry is not just a disordered schedule. Hurry is a disordered heart.” Our need to hurry, to rush, to go fast, to be productive, to get stuff done shows a heart that believes that our life and the lives of those around us are dependent on us doing things. Discipleship teaches us that to truly live means to slow down and to turn our attention to Jesus.

What you give your attention to is the person we become.

One of the great problems facing us in the church is hurry. Sin and hurry both cut us off from God. Over the next five weeks, we are going to look at what it looks like to develop a slow faith. We want to begin to build in practices in our lives that will help us to slow down and invite the Holy Spirit to form our inner life to reflect the inner life of Jesus.

As we prepare to come to the Table this morning: Are you tired? Feeling ‘weary?’ Burdened? Bone-deep weary in your soul? Are you rushing around chasing after things that will not truly last? Feeling depressed because you perceive that you can no longer keep up the pace you’ve been running?

Jesus says:

“Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light.”

I want to invite you over the next five weeks to be present in-person or online as we talk about developing a Slow Faith that eliminates hurry from our lives so that we can find rest in God’s presence. This morning, as we come to the Table, let us rest in the presence of Jesus Christ.


[1] Dallas Willard, Renovation of the Heart. 22

[2] John 15:3-2, NIV.

[3] John Mark Comer, The Ruthless Elimination of Hurry

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Origins: A Preview

*I wrote this devotional for the Avenue UMC community and wanted to share it with you here. My devotions will be emailed each morning. If you’d like to subscribe, email churchoffice (at) avenueumc (dot) com and ask to be put on the Devotional Mailing list.

In the beginning, God . . .
Genesis 1:1

A genre of movies that have become popular over the last few years has been origin stories. Two of my favorite origin movies are Batman Begins and Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse. Origin stories provide us with background information on a beloved character. They also help us to see what is unique about the character. Finally, origin stories give us hope.+

The book of Genesis begins with familiar words,

In the beginning, God . . .

The book of Genesis is filled with accounts of creation (two different accounts, in fact), the first humans, a talking serpent, the first murder, a catastrophic flood, and an attempt at the first skyscraper. That is just the first eleven chapters!

Most notably, many prefer to read Genesis as a textbook about how the world was created in six twenty-four-hour days, and another day for God to rest on. But what if it is more than that?

I want to suggest that Genesis is an origin story. Not so much as the origin of humanity (it is) or sin (unfortunately, it is that, too). Genesis is the origin story of God revealing Godself to humanity. The Creation accounts, the fall of Adam and Eve, and the Flood tell us more about God than we do about ourselves. The author of Genesis is concerned about helping its readers to encounter the one-and-only Creator God.

This Sunday, we will begin a new series at Avenue called Origins. We’ll be looking at the first eleven chapters of Genesis, not to relearn the stories as we heard them in Sunday School, but to encounter the Living God through them. Lord willing, these morning devotionals will help fill in the cracks from each week’s sermons. In our journey through the beginning of Genesis, we will encounter God, learn more about who God is, and ultimately we will have a greater hope because we will learn of God who loves us and is making way for us: from the beginning.

+https://www.geekycamel.com/superhero-origin-stories-popular-nowadays/
For the help of why origin stories are so popular. (Accessed 6/29/20).

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Nothing But Jesus

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What do you do when you encounter someone panhandling on the street? When we drive to Philadelphia to take our boys to CHOP, we have begun to recognize the various panhandlers. We have several options- we can read their signs; we can give them money; we can walk on by; we could talk with them, and so on.

My response to panhandlers is inconsistent. On the one hand, I rarely carry any sort of cash with me. On the other, if I have money, I am guilty of ignoring their cries for assistance. There are times when I’ve taken something to eat for those who are looking for support. How do we help those who are located on the outskirts of acceptance and community?

For our first date, Andrea and I went to a minor league hockey game in Lexington, KY. I had won tickets during an intermission promotion when I was on a date with a different girl a few weeks before. After the hockey game, Andrea and I went to Applebees for half-priced appetizers. We were poor college students, and I was seeking to appeal to her sense of frugality. Free hockey tickets and half-price appetizers. How much more romantic could I be?

Over mozzarella sticks and nachos, we began to get to know one another better. Andrea had spent the previous semester in India and Nepal, serving the poorest of the poor in those two nations. In Nepal, she taught Buddhist Monk English through the Gospel of Luke. In Calcutta, India, she served at Mother Theresa’s Home for the Dying. Mother Theresa had just died in the previous year.

Mother Theresa’s Home for the Dying was mainly a hospice center where those marginalized and forgotten could die with dignity. Part of Andrea’s time working there was to cut the finger and toenails of the men and women who had been picked up off the streets. I’m not sure how I would react to having that job.

In India, Mother Theresa’s Home for the Dying offered the love of Jesus to those people would not look at. When they had very little else to offer- they offered them, Jesus.

Luke, the author of Acts, tells us that at 3:0 in the afternoon, during the time of prayer, that Peter and John were going up to the temple for prayer. Outside the temple, at the Gate called Beautiful- which was an ornately decorated gate- sat a man who would beg from those going into prayer. Later, in chapter four, we discover that this man born lame was forty years old. For forty years, the man sat outside the worshiping community to beg for money.

When Peter and John walk by, the man makes his request for alms. Peter looked at the man and said, Look at us! Luke records that the man gave them his attention. Think about how you respond to panhandlers. Often, we don’t make eye contact for a variety of reasons. But Peter demands it, and the man gives it. He is fully expecting to receive some monetary support from Peter.

Peter pulls what has to be the original Jesus Juke. A Jesus Juke is when we attempt to look past the immediate need and offer a person Jesus. It might be handing someone a track that looks like a hundred dollar bill, and it might be making people at a soup kitchen who are hungry listen to a worship service before feeding them. These are examples of Jesus jukes. Peter says,

“Silver or gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you. In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk.”

Two things become apparent. The man had to initially be disappointed to hear Peter say that he had no money to offer him. Secondly, after not being able to walk for forty years, hearing someone tell him to walk must have sounded a little crazy. But Peter takes the man by the hand and helps him up, and INSTANTLY his ankles became strong. Luke says that he jumped to his feet and began to walk. Then, he went into the temple courts, walking and jumping, and praising God. Everyone who says the man recognized him as the guy who stood by the temple gates and begged. A sense of wonder and amazement filled the place.

With the man clinging to Peter and John, Peter began to preach and offer the people in the temple courts the Good News of Jesus, inviting them to repent from their sins to experience forgiveness and “times of refreshing”(vs. 19). After offering the powerful healing and offering the man Jesus- Peter preached, and the early Church grew again.

When we offer Jesus, Jesus changes lives.

Did you notice in the text the change of location for the man who was born lame? At the beginning of the account, we learned that this lame man was carried to The Gate Called Beautiful daily. The Gate was just outside of the temple. The man intended to receive from the good intentions of those who were going into the temple. He was outside of the worshipping community, begging from those going inside.
After the man is healed, as his ability changes, so do his location. Luke tells us that, After the man was healed, THEN, he went with them into the temple courts. The healing moves the man from outside the temple to the inside of it. The healing the man receives, in Jesus’ name, brings him into the faith community.

When we offer Jesus, Jesus Changes Lives.

Who are the people who are outside the walls of the Church, and what do we have to offer them?

We all think there are things that we need in life. There are things that we want. Sometimes, we don’t always know what we need. The lame man thought he needed money. What he needed was an encounter with Jesus through Peter and John. This encounter led to his healing and moving from the outskirts of the community, where people would pass him by without making eye contact and entering the worship community by praising and leaping.

I believe that one of the challenges of the Church is that we sometimes forget to offer Jesus. I know of a church that provided household and personal hygiene items to those in need but were directed by some of their leadership not to offer to pray with those who came into the Church to receive assistance. The leadership insisted on not inviting the people who came for help to worship. While providing items to persons in need is right, when we do it apart from Jesus, the Church becomes a glorified social service center. We can and should meet physical requirements as an extension of our ministry. What sets us apart from social services is that we are called to share Jesus.

Peter and John had nothing to offer the man except Jesus. Father John McKenzie writes:

If the Church were to lose its hierarchy, its clergy, its vast collection of buildings, its stores of learning amassed over the centuries, even the text of its sacred books and had to face the world with nothing but the living presence of the Risen Jesus and its mission to proclaim the Good News to all nations and people, it would be no less a church than the Church of Peter and Paul was. Perhaps it might be more of a church than it is now.

When we offer Jesus, Jesus Changes Lives.

When we are intentional about introducing people to Jesus and building relationships with them, lives are transformed. Think about it; someone introduced you to Jesus, shared their faith with you, and created space for you to decide live with Jesus as your Lord and Savior. Maybe it was a parent, a Sunday School Teacher, a coach, or even a pastor. If you’re like me, when Jesus became part of my life, my location changed. I found a new community that, while not perfect, loves me and walks with me. I moved from the outskirts of the Church into a new family that brought life, healing, and hope through Jesus Christ.

Our heart’s desire may be to give people whatever we can. We can also become consumed with what we cannot provide them based on limitations- not enough money, no more space, and so on. Regardless of what we can and cannot offer- the most important thing is to offer Jesus. When we offer Jesus- Jesus is enough because it is Jesus who transforms our lives- bringing healing and changing our location from being an outsider to an insider.

This morning, who do you need to offer Jesus to? As you go through your week- who is the Holy Spirit is leading you to pray with. Perhaps you identify with the lame man and find yourself on the outside looking in. When we have Jesus in our lives, we are given a new family, a new hope, and a new life location.

When we offer Jesus, Jesus Changes Lives.

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The Myth of Being Color Blind

The only Michael W. Smith album I’ve ever owned was his 1992 offering: Change Your World. I’m pretty sure I was able to get the CD from the Columbia House CD Club (or the Christian version).

Michael_W_Smith-Change_Your_World-Frontal.jpg (953×953)The album has a song called “Color Blind.” It is a pretty infectious pop song with a message that resonated with me at the time. In it, Smith points out the ongoing racial struggle in our world and writes: “Cause we could see better, If we could be color blind.”

To my fourteen year old self, those words seemed rather appealing and aspirational. Our world would be better if we saw each other through a color blind lens. We’d stop conflict based on appearances, ethnicities, and so on.

There is a fatal to this kind of thinking.

Seeing the world through a color blind lens prevents us from seeing the diversity and beauty that God has created in the world and in humanity. When we pursue being color blind, we are whitewashing the culture and uniqueness in each person, culture, and ethnicity.

Instead of becoming colorblind, we should seek to see the beauty and the Imago Dei (Image of God) in each person, tribe, and tongue. God has made us unique and diverse. We miss out on so much when we dismiss another culture or person based on the color of their skin. Because of this, we should set aside any sort of ideas that one skin tone is better than another, or that one culture is better than another. We should allow our lives to be enriched by the diverse people and experiences that surround us.

Speaking of surrounding- In Revelation, John has a vision of worship around the throne of God. John writes:

After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands… (Revelation 7:9)

Surrounding the throne and worshipping God are people of every ethnicity, language, and cultures. If we were colorblind, we would miss out on a colorful, multifaceted celebration of worship around God’s throne. That’s not something I want to miss!

Instead of seeking to be colorblind, let us see the beauty in every color; to allow our lives to be enriched as we learn from people different that us. Let our worship in our churches begin to reflect the worship around the throne in Revelation 7!

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Pentecost: About a Burning Fire

In the Christian faith, we celebrate Pentecost today. In the Book of Acts, in chapter 2, the Holy Spirit is poured out on the disciples. Peter boldly preaches to a gathered crowd. His text is from the Old Testament prophet, Joel. It reads:
 
“In the last days, I will pour my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord. And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved. (Acts 2:17-21)
 
The Spirit, in Joel and in Acts, is doing a new thing. In Acts, it was the birth of the Church. What is the Spirit doing today?
 
As we look around at the killings of Ahmaud Arbery, George Floyd and Breonna Taylor and see the protest taking place around the country (and around the world), there is a growing cry for justice and a call for the dismantling of racist thoughts and actions- as well as the systemic racism that allows racist thoughts and actions to exist.
 
As Christians (especially White Christians) who follow Jesus and celebrate Pentecost, we see that the Spirit was (and is) poured out on men AND women, young AND old, rich AND poor. We read in Acts of people of different ethnicities encountering the presence of the Holy Spirit. There are no ethnic, racial, gender, or socioeconomic barriers to the movement of the Spirit. Nor should the Church today allow these barriers to existing today. We cannot expect the move of the Spirit if we are unwilling to work towards dismantling the racist systems in our society. 
Where do we start?

We start by listening. We (White Christians) must enter into the stories and lives of our Black, Latino, and Asian brothers and sisters who are the victims of racism: personal and systemic. We need to hear their stories and understand our complicity in systemic racism. These stories often illuminate how ingrained systemic racism is in the lives of White America.

We must also refuse to dismiss the pain of others because it makes us uncomfortable. I’ve seen memes and posts by white friends who immediately have dismissed the protest happening now when the protest turned violent and looting began to occur. Martin Luther King wrote that “A riot is the language of the unheard.” White America must listen to the language of the riot and hear what our sisters and brothers are saying. Can we hear their pain that is so great that it would cause them to be sprayed with tear gas? To be run over by over-zealous police cars? To take rubber bullets?
As Christians, we believe our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realm (Eph. 6:12). The systemic racism that is present in our country is demonic. This is a spiritual battle. The violence and the protest is the manifestation of something spiritual taking place. A system that elevates one group of people over another is demonic because they rob people of the sacred value and worth that was instilled in them by the Creator.
What we are witnessing online and in our communities is a call to action. The systemic racism that exists in our culture benefits White Americans. White Americans will be key to dismantling it. White Americans can use our privilege to stand with our friends and neighbors and to work for real equality. As Christians, the church should be a place of reconciliation- not just between God and humanity- but between individuals and people groups. This is an opportunity for the church to set the standard of what reconciliation looks like. To do anything less is to continue to contribute to the systems of racism that already exist.
Today is Pentecost Sunday. As we pray for a fresh outpouring of the Spirit in our churches and the world, let us hear and see how the Spirit is moving now- and let us join in the work to proclaim good news to the poor, proclaim freedom for the prisoners, recovery of sight for the blind, and to set the oppressed free, and to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.
Come Holy Spirit. Come.
 
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10 Albums/10 Days | 90s Grunge

The “post 10 albums in 10 days with no commentary” thing has been going around Facebook again. I was thinking about posting mine, but then, Dylan Lloyd went ahead and nominated me to do it. I am not going to choose anyone, but I will do is share here how the album influenced my life.

This is Album/Day Seven

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You may have wondered when I would get to some 90s music.

There is a test on Facebook that posits that whatever album/song was #1 on your 12/13/14/15th birthday represents your life. I looked mine up. It doesn’t. But there is something about the music that shapes you as a teenager.

As you’ll guess from many of my post that music from the Christian scene/market is what I listened to the most as a teen. That probably made my parents happy (though much of what I listened to, the lyrics were indiscernible), but to be honest it made me happy as well. As a teen, though, I did hear quite a bit of music on the radio and while I was with friends. I loved grunge music and most of 90s rock.

The funny thing about all this is that I really only knew the songs that got played on the radio. Smells Like Teen SpiritEvenflow, Jeremy, Dead and Bloated, Sex Type Thing and the list goes on. I didn’t know the “B” cuts of the bands or anything else that was on an album. Sometimes, I didn’t even know who the artist was. For the most part, that was ok. I wasn’t entering any trivia contest about song titles or artist names.

As an adult, though, I have gone back and purchased some of the albums that shaped my teen years: Nevermind by Nirvana, Core from Stone Temple Pilots and Ten from Pearl Jam are at the top of the list. Even though I could hardly name most of the songs, the more I listened the more I realize how much their music played a role in shaping who I am- especially in my musical taste. Let’s be honest, I have Sirius XM radio in my car. I’m in my second year. The reality is that I really only listen to three channels: Lithium (90s Alternative), 90s on 9, and ESPN Radio. I do jump around some. I try to listen to some current alternative/hard rock music- but for better or for worse, I go back to my 90s rock.

Side note: I cannot tolerate Christian Radio. It all sounds the same. It’s overproduced. It is, generally, not good musically. 

If I had to put this down to one album, it would have to be Nirvana’s Nevermind while I was a teenager. Today, it would probably be Pearl Jam’s Ten. But for these purposes, I will take most of the genre as defining “albums.”

What was your defining 90s album?

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